Elias Montini has presented the studies conducted to integrate a collaborative robot to a manually operated screwdriving work cell in the CIRP-CMS 2023 Conference at Cape Town, South Africa on 26.10.2023. The collaborative robot working together with a human operator speeds up the screwdriving process 17% in GHEPI Srl in Italia.
Unlike conventional robots, which have higher price tags and less flexibility, collaborative robots are much cheaper, easier to program, and capable of working with operators without the need of a protection cage. This ‘collaboration’ not only increases production efficiency, but also decreases the physical and cognitive stress of the workers and enhances job satisfaction.
The proposed framework
The paper presented in the conference aims to propose a framework to help practitioners and researchers in implementing human-aware collaborative robotics systems. The framework supported the development of a collaborative screwdriving application in which both the operator and the robot support and perceive each other to optimize process performance and worker well being.
The proposed framework is grounded on 3 pillars (H: Humanisation, S: Smartification and A&E: Automation & Equipment) and 7 building blocks (Human factors, Training, Ethics & Trustworthiness, Performance, Cobots, Human-Aware Digital twin and Reconfigurability)